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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 8, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america. " >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. ♪ >> and now, "bbc world news." ♪ anchor: this is "bbc world news america." mexican authorities recapture drug lord joaquin "el chapo" guzman sixmonths -- months after he escaped from prison. philadelphiacer in was shot multiple times in his patrol car by a man who pledged allegiance to islamic state. "carol" and "bridge of spies" lead the british academy awards in a star-studded list. ♪
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the fugitive drug lord joaquin "el chapo" guzman has been captured by authorities six months after escaping from a nexen security prison. he was reportedly apprehended after a shootout in his home state of sinaloa. the next can president spoke, recognizing all who played a part in the capture. the latest from mexico -- reporter: according to reports, "el chapo" was found in his home state of sinaloa. marines acting on a tipoff raided a house before dawn on friday. during a shootout, five were reported killed and six others arrested. it feels like deja vu. these were the images of "el ago, after two years he was originally rearrested after more than a decade on the run. "el chapo" was sent to mexico >>
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top -- mexico's top security prison, but he was locked up for only a little over a year before , making a run for it in a long, man-made tunnel surfacing at this house not far from prison walls. "el chapo" is one of the most powerful drugs kingpins in the world. as the head of the sinaloa cartel, he leads a multibillion dollar enterprise that controls huge amounts of marijuana, cocaine, and heroin entering the u.s. what theim" was president said on twitter, no doubt hoping that really is the case this time. bbc news, mexico city. anchor: for more i spoke a brief time ago with the executive vice president at the wilson center. thanks for joining us. "el chapo" is one of the world's most wanted men, so how significant is the capture? >> it is huge for the mexican
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government. he has escaped twice from prison, and many people thought he would not be captured again. they thought he would be gone for years, like last time, and they got him within six months. it is a huge celebration for the mexican government. they feel proud of this. it does show there is increasing capacity to operate in mexico and go after some of these druglords, who used to really operate with impunity. anchor: is there anything we know about how authorities were able to capture him? did they work with the u.s. in this? >> we do not know for sure, but we can be almost sure certain -- almost certain that they did. there is cooperation between the mexican and american governments. the mexican government is out front, doing the operations themselves. they are in control of what happens on mexican territory, but there is a very close cooperation that has been going on for years, and it has only improved over time. anchor: you talk about cooperation. the u.s. has wanted him before. why has he not been extra added to the u.s., where he is wanted
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on a number of charges? >> the mexican government, they have a right to keep him in mexico. obviously they want to do a plea bargain with him, to get information out of him. that is part of their desire for national sovereignty. obviously, it has not worked. he has escaped twice. so we will see a change in tactics this time. he escaped six months ago, and we saw a number of extraditions. my guess is that this time they will decide they do not want a third escape, and probably try to extradite him. they might feel they can keep him safely in mexican prison, but having been through two bad experiences, they probably don't want to go for a third. anchor: so you think despite reluctance for extradition, this time they might do it? >> i think they probably will. we don't know. certainly they have not spoken about this, but it is in their interest, something they are likely to do. we will see what happens. it would be tied up in the courts in mexico for a while, but my guess is that will be the decision. anchor: what does this mean for the wider battle against drug
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trafficking in mexico and the u.s. >> they have been successful in taking back. there were six or seven organized crime groups that controlled the drug trade, and controlled large territory in mexico. most of these groups have been fragmented, and most of the leaders have been arrested or killed. now we have lots of small groups ont still pray on -- prey local populations and traffic drugs, but it is easier to deal with smaller groups. we are seeing the ability to reduce violence and organized crime. the challenge in the future is make it so the smaller, local groups can be doubtless more efficiently. anchor: a man claiming allegiance to islamic state was shot -- has a shot and seriously wounded a police officer in philadelphia. the assailant fired multiple times at point blank range with a stolen weapon. the bbc's north american editor
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reports. john: the terrifying moment a man opened fire on a patrolman in philadelphia. he keeps on firing, now from point blank race -- range. >> all cars stand by. we have an officer shot. john: though hit three times, jesse harkness -- hartnett was able to chased the suspect and return fire. the suspect had gunshot wounds and has been arrested. >> one of the scariest things i have ever seen. this guy tried to execute the police officer. john: at a police conference, they reveal his motive. >> the homicide unit talked to him. he did not have anything to say, but then he stated he pledges his allegiance to islamic state, he follows allah, and that is the reason he was called upon to do this. >> in no way, shape, or form does anyone believe that the
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teachings of islam have anything to do with what you see on the screen. that is abhorrent. it is terrible. it is not represent the religion in any way, shape, or form. john: in a separate incident, two iraqi-born man who came to the u.s. as refugees were arrested today on terrorism-related charges by federal authorities in texas and california. all of this comes a month after the so-called islamic state-inspired attack in san bernardino, which claimed the lives of 14 people. abstractlyscussed as a terror threat suddenly feels very real. weather in california --whethe california or pennsylvania, it is causing deep unease. they are setting up a counterterrorism pet -- task force, part of how they are tackling the threat posed by islamic state.
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it is also a sign of the frustration at how effective the extremists are at inciting violence and gaining recruits. bbc news, washington. anchor: in germany, the police chief of cologne was fired as more details emerged about sexual violence and robbery taking place on new year's eve. along with 32 suspects identified so far, 18 are asylum-seekers. the attack started. a debate around germany's open-door policy towards migrants and refugees. from cologne -- >> germany is confronting a new reality. on new year's eve in cologne, nearly 100 women were sexually assaulted. authorities now admit that some of the men who attacked them may have been asylum-seekers. today, cologne's police chief was sacked amid allegations of a cover-up. >> there are suggestions that the wording of the police report
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was changed, for political reasons, so it did not mention refugees. that i find very bad. reporter: what happened here may yet have profound consequences for this country. that's because the new year's eve attacks cut right to the practice that -- question that has troubled germany for many monsters should this country open its doors so freely? one man from iraq fears reprisal. and refugee violence was already on the rise. >> people have been here a long time -- they would not do this. these people come to germany, and commit these acts. that is a shame. reporter: it may also, this criminologist tells me, be part of a wider and more established pattern. >> we know that asylum-seekers who come to germany for very legitimate reasons are being
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recruited by existing criminal gangs here. they are trained, tops to steal -- taught to steal, involved in the criminal infrastructure. that really concerns us. reporter: this country is ill at ease. >> i don't feel that safe after what happened on new year's. >> i know there is a large influx of immigrants coming in, but i think that if you go out there with a trusting heart and really make sure you regard these as single incidents, it should be ok. reporter: today in cologne, city authorities pledged to rebuild trust in the police, but officers have not yet to charge anyone over the attacks, and many wonder what it will cost to keep germany's doors open. bbc news, cologne. anchor: in other news, gun men in egypt opened fire on a hotel used by foreign tourists in the resort city of hurghada on the
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red sea. egyptian security forces reportedly killed at least one of the attackers. it is also being said that the assailants may have arrived by sea. despite subzero temperatures in the balkans, large numbers of refugees are continuing to make the overland journey to europe. around 20,000 people cross into the eu in the past week alone. medics working at refugee points say that their health is at increasing risk in the freezing weather. our european correspondent has spent the last few days on the border between serbia and croatia. he sent this report. reporter: along europe's refugee trail, temperatures have plummeted. still, they keep coming, 2000 to 3000 a day. children without shoes. and growing numbers of families. it had been thought that winter would slow the arrival, but here at the gates of the european union they are still lining up
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to get in. a few days ago. this is in critical. further -- this is incredible the cold. for them, even more so. reporter: more and more are falling sick. meanwhile, croatian police select who to let into the eu and who to turn back, a difficult task. this sikh family was stopped. they appeared to be genuine refugees, fleeing afghanistan. with a place on the train to a new life in europe decided in seconds, the stakes are high. despite the ball can show, we l, we these -- balkan chil found these kurds in a motorway, glad that they had escaped syria, fearing for their lives. >> the jihadists, isis, you know, in syria. they did not allow anything. if anyone danced, you would put
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them in prison, or be killed. reporter: for those fleeing in fear, the winter weather is no deterrent. >> she is my daughter. reporter: he worked as an interpreter for american troops in afghanistan. he says the taliban was threatening him. they say, if you work with them, we kill you, kill your family, kill your children. snow blanketing serbia is not putting off many. this group made it into croatia, but filmed how they were forced to walk back down the railway by police. they were all pakistanis. their expulsion from croatia may have not been legal. >> along the train tracks. yes. reporter: it was very cold? >> it is too called. reporter: even through the icy
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night, the buses keep coming and the trains keep running. what is abundantly clear is that, despite the cold and the snow, refugee flows have not let up. europe's refugee crisis will last for some time yet. so the u.n. is now drawing up contingency plans for up to one million more refugees coming to europe this year. bbc news, on the serbian-croatian border. anchor: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- after a crazy week in the markets, u.s. job grains provide -- gains provide a ray of good news. the u.s. labor secretary speaks to me about the numbers. a bushfire in western australia has destroyed nearly 100 homes. the blaze has consumed most of the buildings in the historic mill town. emergency workers say the fight continues -- fire continues to threaten other beef and
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dairy-producing areas in the state. 2015 was one of australia's hottest years on record. here is john donaldson with this report. john: these are among the worst bushfires of the australian summer. they have torn through more than 500 square kilometers, fueled by strong, gusty winds. this tiny community, around 120 kilometers south of perth, took a direct hit. >> it appears we have lost around 95 houses. a number of structures within the town, including some of the historical buildings, the workshops, some factories, and an impact of 70% on the local school. john: some locals stayed put, doing what they could to fight back the flames. others decided not to risk it and got out well they -- while they still could. but a number of people are missing. >> we have winds blowing from
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the plateau on to the coastal plains, coming out of the forest, which has been dry for months. to 40 knot wind. we have experienced extraordinary conditions, with fires raging across the forest and down onto the plains. john: hundreds of firefighters are doing what they can to contain the fires, but they remain out of control. the most senior firefighter in the state described it as "like trying to put out a bonfire with a glass of water." bbc news, sydney. ♪ anchor: the global economy desperately needed some good news to end the week after a series of financial meltdowns,
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starting in china and spreading across the world. and it got some, with some strong u.s. jobs data. but even that could not help the market. american employers added 292,000 jobs last night -- month, 200ing off a year in which -- over 2 million people were added to the payroll, the second-best year since the 1990's. still, wall street went even lower on friday, with the dow down nearly 200 points. for more on the economic trends, i spoke to thomas perez, the u.s. secretary of labor. secretary perez, thank you for joining us. there's lots of reasons to be optimistic in today's numbers, but there are areas for concerns . wage growth is modest. what is your response to that? scretary perez: there are a lot of reasons to be optimistic or this is the strongest two-year period of job growth since the mid-1990's. this is the second month in a
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row of positive private sector job growth could last year was the best year we have had for wage growth since the beginning of the recovery. real wage growth was about 2.1%. that is still not enough. the challenges of wage growth predate the great recession in the united states. it has been a phenomenon really dating back to about 1980. prior to that, productivity growth and real wage growth went hand-in-hand. when workers helped bake the pie of prosperity, they shared in it. the last 35 years, with the exception of the late 1990's, that was not the case and has not been the case. that is a big part of unfinished business, making sure people who work a full-time job get rewarded with a fair wage. anchor: that is a huge concern, if people are not feeling the effects even if the numbers improved. scretary perez: well, one of the things that has happened, not only is the quantity of jobs continuing to grow, but over the
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last two years the quality of jobs. you look at the sectors doing well over the last two years, and they are well-paying sectors. business and professional services. the health care sector has been doing very well. construction did very well last year, and with the transportation infrastructure bill that passed a couple months ago, that will also do well, even better in 2016, having said that, that's the area. we have an economic wind at our back, but it has to result in shared prosperity for everyone. that is the unfinished business, because the rising tide has to it all the boats, not just the yachts. anchor: one sector that is contracting is manufacturing, at the fastest pace in more than six years. that is a huge concern. scretary perez: the challenge right now is with oil prices the major, then factor that has hit manufacturing, along with the
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global economy -- when the value of the dollar goes up, exports are more difficult, so companies like caterpillar or boeing or our automakers who have a big export market, those products are less competitive in that context. but having said that, when you have gas prices at historically low levels, that is a boon for consumers. every time i go to the gas pump, i have a smile on my face because the average american household is, last year saves between $500 and $800, and that has resulted in a big uptick in consumer spending. that is good for the economy. anchor: you mentioned the global economy. this is probably one of the worst weeks in recent memory. -- the chinese market has slumped how might this affect -- the chinese market has slumped. how might this affect what happens here? scretary perez: i learned a lot from looking at history.
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in 2015, we had some turbulence in the global economy but our american economy was able to whether it -- weather it. the best year we had since the end of the recession was 2014, and the second-best was 2015. it is a resilient economy. people increasingly have more money in their pockets because they are back in their job. the depths of the recession, we were looking at 10% unemployment, and now we are at 5% in the united states. many economists predicted we would not get to 5% until 2020, but here we are at the end of 2015 at 5%. there is still slack in the labor market. we can still do better. the unfinished business for us will be to make sure that this wind at our back does indeed bring shared prosperity for everyone. anchor: thanks very much. scretary perez: my pleasure. anchor: next friday, oscar nominations will be revealed,
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but today the british equivalent of the award, the baftas, financed contenders. leading the group is steven spielberg's "bridge of sighs," and the 1950's love story "carol." two blockbusters were overlooked. "spectre" was entirely ignored, and "star wars" was only nominated in a few categories. our arts editor asks why. the latest in the james bond franchise had the critics purring when it was released in november. while critics dished out five star reviews, audiences flocked to see the film. but when it came to the best the filmfta nominations, the
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did not have a single nod in its direction. bond was not the only one firing blanks in baftas today. "star wars the force awakens" pictured at -- picked up some technical and craft nominations, but was overlooked in all the main categories, despite being a huge commercial and critical success. 6000 membersa's overlooked both films? could it be there is a bit of snobbery at play? >> i don't think it is snobbery. i think, there is a tendency with both comedies and action films for awards, generally speaking, to overlook them. you know, when it comes to the awards season, people tend to look at what they consider to be serious dramas. >> i have a question.
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>> what's that? reporter: so, daniel craig and shoulds at star wars enjoy a martini together when month.tas are next i need to get a hold of my husband. can you at least try? >> i am sorry. pick up: he will try to the leading actor award for the second year running for his role in "the danish girl." maggie smith will also be there, 57 years after her first nomination. >> i'm a sick woman. dying, possibly. reporter: she will fight it out with cate blanchett, among others, for her performance in "carol." neither actress is likely to be shaken, but they might be stirred. bbc news.
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showr: that brings today's to a close, but you can find much more on all the day's news on our website. from all of us here at world news america, thanks for watching and have a very good weekend. ♪ ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll.
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it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. ♪ "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the u.s. economy shows signs of sustained strength, adding 292,000 jobs in december, despite global turmoil. then, nearly six months after escaping a high security prison, the mexican drug lord known as "el chapo" is arrested. plus, miles o'brien unwraps the latest health-related technology from the consumer electronics show. >> can we use all this data we can get from all sorts of different things, not only to keep people healthy once they're in the hospital, but prevent them from getting sick in the first place? >> woodruff: and it's friday: david brooks and david corn are here, to analyze the week's news. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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